Norwalk Reflector: The nuts and bolts of fishing

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The nuts and bolts of fishing

By DICK MARTIN • Mar 17, 2018 at 8:00 AM

Some years ago an old friend retired and was given a fishing rod and box of tackle, instead of a watch. "I've always wanted to learn to fish," he said, "and now I've got the time." He made several visits to a local lake, caught nothing, and gave his equipment away. "I just didn't know what to do." he explained.

Lots of other people are in the same boat, old, young, in-between, would-be anglers who don't know what to do, and are simply confused by fishing jargon (crankbaits, pig and jig, working structure, etc.) So, here are the absolute nuts and bolts of learning to fish, the sport boiled down to its simplest terms. Cut this column out, hang it on the wall, pass it on to a relative or friend. If they follow these instructions, they WILL catch fish. At least most of the time.

The first thing you'll need is basic gear, and the place to buy it is at a good sporting goods store, or a department store that specializes in sport gear and has clerks that know their business. Getting it from a place where the salesperson can't tell a rod from a 12 gauge shotgun is pointless. You'll need a rod and reel first, and the best for beginners is a combo kit that has rod, reel, and line already in place. Get a closed face reel, because they're simple to cast. Just squeeze the lever and release it as you whip the rod forward. A clerk can demonstrate this.

You'll need two kinds of very inexpensive gear, one set for float and a second for bottom fishing. The float should be one of the thin pencil types, not a round red and white one that offers resistance to biting fish. Buy a small packet of No. 6 hooks and a small packet of splitshot that are a little smaller than a dried pea. Tie the hook on lines end, clamp a splitshot about six inches above, and clip on the float about three to three-and-a-half feet above that. You're in business.,

Farm ponds with their abundant bluegills and bass are ideal for float fishing, so you'll need to drive on country roads and knock on a few doors. But once permission has been gained, bait that hook with garden dug worms, purchased waxworms, or a piece of nightcrawler, and toss it out. Not to the middle of the pond, but where most of the fish are — within 20 to 30 feet of shore. Then let it sit, moving the float toward you a little every 30 seconds or so. That float should start sliding under with a fish on the business end soon. If not, cast in other directions, and move along the shore until you find a hotspot. If it still isn't working, move the bobber to deeper, then deeper yet. In larger lakes and reservoirs, do the same. Nothing to it.

For bottom fishing, you'll need a few one ounce sinkers and a packet of snelled No. 6 hooks. These are hooks with line already attached and a loop at the end for easy tying onto your line. Tie two snells about a foot apart with the sinker on lines end a few inches below the bottom snell. Again, nothing to it. If you're heading up to Lake Erie for pier fishing, place minnows on the hooks, toss the baits out a short distance and maybe a second rig out a little further, tighten line, and wait for the rod tip to start bouncing.

If you're fishing a larger lake for bottom feeders like channel cats, carp, bullheads, etc., bait with nightcrawlers, shrimp, or chicken livers, and again toss out the morsels, tighten line, turn your rod tip at an angle, place it in a forked stick and tighten line. When you get a good bite, start reeling. Will these two techniques produce a full stringer every time? Of course not. Even veterans don't score every time. But they'll work for you, and turn any amateur into a successful angler most days.

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Hooks & Bullets

• Readers who might like to vacation in Erie, Pennsylvania will now find a 2018 Erie Adventure Guide waiting to help with planning. The free 80-page booklet offers coupons, a business directory, travel tips and suggestions, and listings of places to stay, shop, and play. For a copy, phone 814-454-1000 or e-mail [email protected]

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• Twenty-five years ago the women of the NRA developed a program in response to women who requested crime prevention and personal safety information. These women wanted something for women to prepare and protect themselves against criminal confrontations. One of the major appeals of the program is the idea that there are other things a woman can do to ensure her safety besides choosing a firearm. The result was self-defense training, the basis of the Refuse To Be a Victim program. For information, visit RTBAV, or e-mail [email protected]

• Any adult, group, or conservation club who has a sincere interest in taking kids fishing should consider becoming a certified Passport to Fishing instructor, according to the Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR). A Passport certification course is being offered from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. April 5 at the ODNR Division of Wildlife District Two Office at 952 Lima Ave., Findlay. Passport to Fishing is a one-day instructor training program that qualifies individuals to become ODNR Division of Wildlife certified fishing instructors, similar to a hunter education instructor. Participants are encouraged to bring a packed lunch and dress for the weather. It is free of charge, but preregistration is required by April 4, as space is limited. Interested individuals can register by calling Andrea Altman at 419-429-8321. Participants will be required to complete a background check. For more information on additional educational opportunities available through the ODNR Division of Wildlife, visit Passport to Fishing was developed by the Recreational Boating and Fishing Foundation and utilized by State agencies like ODNR Division of Wildlife. Workshops teach volunteers the basics of fishing and how to run a four-station program within a fishing event. These instructors then go back to their communities, with a written curriculum and training aids, to teach kids and beginning anglers the basics of fishing. By becoming a certified instructor, you will not only be able to help in reconnecting students with the outdoors, but also have the skills and resources to do so in a more successful way. Resources available include grants, equipment, publications and brochures, and training.


Dick Martin is a free-lance writer from Shelby. Reach him at [email protected] You can also visit his blog at

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